Cervical cancer was a significant cancer death risk for women more than 40 years ago. With the advancement of pap tests and a more in-depth understanding of warning signs, these figures are slowly declining. Thousands of American women are still diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, so we’re not healthy. Detecting risk factors and warning signs will save a person from a lifetime of misery.
Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer:
Recognizing the risk factors that make women more likely to develop cervical cancer will help them better understand their cancer risk.
1.Infection with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Over a hundred different viruses are grouped here, some of which are transmitted through skin contact and are thought to be a precursor to cervical cancer. HPV is typically discovered by the discovery of warts or pap smears.
Women who are overweight or eat a diet deprived of vital nutrients from fruits and vegetables are more likely to develop cervical cancer.
Female hormones found in some oral contraceptives may provide ideal breeding grounds for some cancers. Besides, the risk of cervical cancer increases with the amount of time a woman uses oral contraceptives and doubles after five years.
There are contradictory references on this subject. According to some sources, cervical cancer may be passed down through families, putting people with a family history of the disease at a 2-3 times higher risk. Other sources, on the other hand, suggest that this form of cancer has no genetic component.
Women addicted to smoke have an increased chance of cervical cancer. Tobacco by-products are thought to weaken the DNA of cervix cells, possibly contributing to this cancer’s development. Smoking negatively affects the immune system, making it more challenging to combat HPV infections. Indeed, one of the top ten behaviors to give up right now if you want to be safer is smoking.
Cervical Cancer Warning Signs
There is generally a frightening absence of visual and physical signs in the early stages of development which foreshadow the onset stages of cervical cancer. Many signs don’t appear until cancer has spread invasively to nearby tissue. Below are some of the most experienced symptoms:
Swelling and pain in the leg are expected in women with cervical cancer in the early stages. When the cervix swells, it may cause blood flow to be obstructed, causing the leg to swell and cause a sore, painful feeling.
Small quantities of clear discharge with no color or odor are typical in a woman’s period. It may be a symptom of cervical cancer onset if discharge output rises, smells unpleasant, or has an unusual appearance.
This is perhaps the most known symptom of all. If a woman has uncontrollable vaginal bleeding, it may be a sign of cervical cancer.
You should seek a doctor if you have persistent bleeding in between menstrual cycles or after sexual intercourse. This symptom should be closely monitored by postmenopausal women who no longer have cycles.
4.Urination That Is Uncomfortable
In many ways, keeping track of urination will help expose the existence of cervical cancer.
The pain experienced while urinating is the most noticeable and common symptom. This is usually characterized as a stinging sensation that is close and concentrated, but it can take various unpleasant feelings.
5.Menstrual Cycles That Aren’t Normal
When it comes to monthly intervals, there should be some continuity. If the daily routine is disrupted by changes in time, frequency, or other factors, it can be related to a future of cervical cancer. Keep track of any drugs you’re taking and seek medical advice if you find any discrepancies.
Dyspareunia, or painful intercourse, is another disturbing side effect of cervical cancer. As with several of the symptoms on this list, there are many potential causes for this symptom to appear. However, since this symptom is often associated with conditions that necessitate medical treatment, it should not be overlooked.
Pelvic pain is a common side effect of becoming a woman. Cramping and aches are perfectly common during a menstrual cycle. Still, if the pain persists for more extended periods, occurs more often, or is more severe than usual, it can warrant a visit to the doctor.
Back pain is normal, affecting approximately 80% of Americans. It can occur for many reasons; however, if it is followed by other symptoms from the list, seek medical attention.
9.Unexplained Weight Loss and Fatigue
Again, these symptoms may be triggered by other causes on their own, but it is time for a physical examination when other symptoms follow them. Cervical cancer can cause a reduction in the number of healthy red blood cells, which are then replaced by white blood cells that attempt to combat the disease.
Cervical cancer signs include the presence of urine and urinary patterns.
Seek medical advice if you find irregular changes in your urine frequency, lack of bladder control (incontinence), or a discoloration – particularly with blood.
Cervical Cancer Prevention:
Cervical cancer is challenging to treat because it is also challenging to diagnose in its early stages. As a result, women’s most outstanding defense is preventative intelligence.
Pap smears are the safest way to screen for cervical cancer, and they should be performed regularly depending on a woman’s age. Women between the ages of 20 up to 30 should be screened every three years, women between the ages of 30 up to 65 every three to five years, and women 65 and older should not be screened again if they’ve had three tests in a row with consistent results, according to WebMD.
-HPV Vaccine – Some doctors recommend HPV vaccinations for women and men in their early twenties. They say it is vital for preventing cervical cancer caused by the virus. Female children as young as nine years old will receive their first vaccine.
-Smoking cessation – People exposed to cigarettes, including secondhand smoke, have a higher chance of developing cervical cancer. If you smoke, think of the plethora of health benefits that come with stopping and the plethora of health hazards that continue to smoke.
-Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) – HPV may be present in a sexual partner despite the absence of symptoms. Knowing your sexual partner’s past will help you reduce your chances of developing cervical cancer. When in doubt, depend on ways to prevent contraception.